TrustedSec Security Blog - Operators Guide to Meterpreter BOFloader

Operator’s Guide to the Meterpreter BOFLoader

January 24, 2023

1.1      Introduction Recently, myself and a few friends decided to port my coworker Kevin Haubris‘ COFFLoader project to Metasploit. This new BOFLoader extension allows Beacon Object Files (BOFs) to be used from a Meterpreter session. This addition unlocks many new possibilities for Meterpreter and, in my opinion, elevates Meterpreter back up to the status of…

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TrustedSec Security Blog

2023 Resolutions for Script Kiddies

January 17, 2023

Introduction 2022 was a tough year. It seemed like no one was safe. Nvidia, Samsung, Ubisoft, T-Mobile, Microsoft, Okta, Uber—and those were just some of Lapsus$’s breaches. What’s a Script Kiddie to do to be better protected in 2023? Another year in the books, and it was another big year for cybersecurity. While 2022 did…

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Looting iOS App’s Cache.db

December 1, 2022

Insecure By Default Mobile application assessments diverge somewhat from normal web application assessments as there is an installed client application on a local device to go along with the backend server. Mobile applications can often work offline, and thus have a local store of data. This is commonly in the form of SQLite databases stored…

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Auditing Exchange Online From an Incident Responder’s View

November 8, 2022

Business Email Compromise (BEC) within the Microsoft 365 environment is becoming a more common attack vector. In case you’re unfamiliar with what exactly BEC entails, it’s when an attacker or unauthorized user gains access to a business email account via social engineering. Most commonly, an attacker compromises an account, intercepts email conversation(s), and uses this…

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The Curious Case of the Password Database

October 20, 2022

Nowadays, password managers are king. We use password managers to secure our most sensitive credentials to a myriad of services and sites; a compromise of the password manager could prove devastating. Due to recently disclosed critical Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVEs) involving ManageEngine’s Password Manager Pro software, a client came to us at TrustedSec, wondering:…

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Working with data in JSON format

September 27, 2022

What is JSON? What is JSON? JSON is an acronym for JavaScript Object Notation. For years it has been in use as a common serialization format for APIs across the web. It also has gained favor as a format for logging (particularly for use in structured logging). Now, it has become even more common for…

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Watch Out for UUIDs in Request Parameters

September 22, 2022

The Plugin: https://github.com/GeoffWalton/UUID-Watcher Some time ago on the TrustedSec Security Podcast, I shared a Burp Suite plugin I developed to hunt Insecure Direct Object Reference (IDOR) issues where applications might be using UUIDs or GUIDs (unique identifiers) as keys, assuming discovery attacks will not be possible. The plugin produces a report that helps identify which…

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Scraping Login Credentials With XSS

July 7, 2022

Unauthenticated JavaScript Fun In prior blog posts I’ve shown the types of weaponized XSS attacks one can perform against authenticated users, using their session to access and exfiltrate data, or perform actions in the application as that user. But what if you only have unauthenticated XSS? Perhaps your client hasn’t provided you with credentials to…

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Avoiding Mixed Content Errors with an HTTPS Python Server

February 17, 2022

Disclaimer: To set up a secure Python server, we need a domain name that we can access. 1. Introduction At some point during penetration testing, bug hunting, and capture the flag competitions, we will likely need to download a file or send a request to a server that we can access. Depending on what we…

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Hacking the My Arcade Contra Pocket Player – Part I

December 9, 2021

Intro I was at my local Target recently and spotted the section near the video games, where there were some little collectable arcade systems and handhelds that play games like Pac-Man, Galaga, and Contra. Whenever I see these types of systems, I like to pick one up to tear it apart and see what’s inside….

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